Smart cities to soon become a reality in India
The first-of-its-kind partially completed smart city project in Mumbai, which is expected to be completed in 2025, is Palava city by the Lodha Group
Consider these scenarios: an office that’s walking distance from home. A completely Wi-Fi enabled city. A smart card for cashless transactions that is also capable of facial recognition and acts as a key to enter your building with advanced security systems. The same smart card also allows you to operate the electrical equipment at home through motion sensor technology. All this with a promise of 30% savings on electricity and water costs. These features may appear to be somewhat futuristic, but are likely to become a reality in India in less than a decade, as the smart city concept takes hold. A smart city is one that completely runs on technology—be it for electricity, water, sanitation and recycling, ensuring 24/7 water supply, traffic and transport systems that use data analytics to provide efficient solutions to ease commuting, automated building security and surveillance systems, requiring minimal human intervention, and Wi-Fi-powered open spaces and houses that ensure always-on, high-speed connectivity.
Smart cities can be horizontal or vertical, depending on the available space. Singapore is an example of a vertical smart city, while Masdar in Abu Dhabi is a horizontal smart city. The first-of-its-kind partially completed smart city project in Mumbai, which is expected to be completed in 2025, is Palava city by the Lodha Group. It will span 4,000 acres, and cost Rs.14,000 crore
For Palava, the Lodha Group has a franchisee agreement with Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Co. Ltd for 24-hour electricity supply; solar panels will power street lights. It has a tie-up with General Electric Co. (GE) for 100% water recycling, and automated water metering and billing to ensure transparency and zero water loss. It will run a fleet of CNG buses within Palava city and connect people to nearby Dombivali station and Navi Mumbai. The Lodha World School will offer all established Indian and international syllabi. And the Lodha Group is in talks with hospitals as well as several commercial establishments and multi-brand retail giants to set up shop in Palava. It has the potential to create 350,000 jobs by 2025
Information technology accounts for only 5% of the total project cost, says Shaishav Dharia, development director (Palava) at Lodha Group, adding: “The Lodha Group has also set up Palava City Management Association with citizens as members to deal with day-to-day issues, as well as a 311 grievance helpline number and 911 emergency helpline number for citizens, and a mobile app. Palava’s smart technology also extends to 500 surveillance cameras that capture real-time data and in future will support facial recognition for entry and have panic alarms every 200 metres. A smart card given to all Palava citizens will allow cashless transactions at retail centres, access to bus service, public Wi-Fi within Palava’s premises, building and commercial points entry, and information access from the Palava experience centre.
Streetline and IBM: smarter parking supports business, drivers and environment
Analyzing parking systems to maximize revenue while reducing environmental impact
As the percentage of people living in cities continues to grow, parking remains an unsolved problem affecting citizens, businesses, governments and the environment. Prolonged searches for parking impact traffic congestion,waste hours of time and increase carbon emissions, while abandonment of the search results in lost revenue for businesses and municipalities.Streamlining the parking process aligns with the goals of mass transit: reducing emissions and traffic congestion, while making life more convenient for people and stimulating local economies. For some drivers, public transportation is not currently a viable option,so spending less time circling city blocks in search of parking is an effective and convenient way of helping to reduce their negative impact.Streetline and IBM have partnered to provide advanced parking analytics solutions for cities and major facilities to reinvent parking. Parking sensors,networks and applications from Streetline, combined with IBM’s businessintelligence and analytics, help match drivers with available parking tominimize traffic, improve quality of life, reduce environmental impact
and maximize revenue.
Metro Acquired “WiTrac” vehicle actuated wireless traffic control system from Ministry of Communication:-
The traffic congestion has become a major issue in the current traffic scenario. The travel time and congestion on signal could not be minimized by the traditional solutions since these are heuristic data based solution and can’t provide optimal solution in the fluctuating traffic scenario.
There are number of models used globally to optimize the signals but they do not meet the Indian traffic scenario due to high heterogeneity of traffic and poor lane selection by the commuters in India.
To overcome this limitation M/s Metro Infrasys Pvt. Ltd. acquired WiTrac technology featured by new model CoSiCoSt (Composite Signal Control Strategy) developed by C-DAC. This model suits the Indian traffic scenario most effectively among all the existing models of ATCS.
It is an advance technology which promises to make the traffic smooth in the cities. It is a traffic responsive system access and manipulates the real time data to optimize the traffic signal.
The solution provided by Metro has some unique features. The system has one master unit on each intersection which monitor the all other slave units and also communicate with the central control room for optimize the signal time.
- System is an eco-friendly system which used solar energy as an power source for the equipments.
- The system communicates via wireless communication which reduces the civil work and obstruction on the intersection.
- Enabled with remote administration, task like force flashed, junction off and download of plan can performed remotely.
- Self diagnosis ability in case of power up and run time.
- For technical perspective error log will be sent to the control room as networked to study the cause of failure.
The System has been implemented in Pune and Jaipur on trial basis and is performing satisfactorily.
System does not impact greatly on the traffic scenario. The system increases the average travel speed by 2% to 12% and reduces the average delay time by 11% to 30% only. But economically system saved 5.6 Crores in year 2006 by implementing the 6 project corridors.
Urban ITS mainly comprises of :
Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) are advanced applications which, without embodying intelligence as such, aim to provide innovative services relating to different modes of transport and traffic management and enable various users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated, and ‘smarter’ use of transport networks.
Intelligent transport technologies:
3.Floating car data/floating cellular data
5.Inductive loop detection
6.Video vehicle detection
Intelligent transport applications
1.Emergency vehicle notification systems
2.Automatic road enforcement
3.Variable speed limits
4.Collision avoidance systems
5.Dynamic Traffic Light Sequence